Federal government student loans are credit facility programs that have been put in place by the state to assist students in paying their fees. They are deemed useful as they have helped a lot of students get through their college education which they otherwise would have not without that money. The government gives this money through two programs which are the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) and the Direct Loan program.One can only apply for either of the two. There is need to understand how the two programs work, since the repayment plans may differ slightly from each other. However, eligibility rules and regulations are all the same for both programs. A direct credit facility is usually funded strictly by the state. The FFEL on the other hand is offered by banks and other credit lending institutions that are in the private or the public sectors.The FFEL has its own advantages in that, the money can be used to do other personal stuff. The direct one, as the name suggests, goes directly into tuition fees. The question that many students are faced with is how to access either type of the credit facility. Well, it begins by obtaining a FAFSA form, which you fill out and send back for processing.Before the money gets to you, your school has to approve your eligibility. You then sign a promissory note, which is a legal document and which must be honored in due time. On this note, you can find the terms, rules and regulations under which the credit facility is extended to you.