Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act


The Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act (HOEPA) were established by The Federal Trade Commission in 1994 as an amendment to the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). It is very essential to know the rights both for a borrower and lender. This law sets rules and standards to ensure that all customers get a fair deal.The house owner with loans of first or the second lien is favoured in the Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994. Mortgages should also have protected equity loans whose closing costs is greater than $579, the rate of 2010, or almost 8% of the complete borrowing. On a home the first equity loan is the first-lien loans which should have an annual rate percentage that is 8% higher than the U.S. Department of Treasury’s rate of securities of similar maturity. A home’s second equity loan is the second-lien loan. This should be almost 10% higher compared to the U.S. Department of Treasury’s rate. The acts rules include home equity instalment loans as well as refinancing which have high fees and rate. The act does not cover loans acquired for building a house, reverse mortgages or other line of credit. Once the loan satisfies all the rules as required by the act it requires a minimum of three working days to be materialized. Prior to finalising on a home formal notices in writing have to be sent to the borrowers by the creditors informing them if the loan isn’t officially finalised and they can also back out even though the application is signed. The notice should also caution the borrower if the payment is not made the borrower could lose the house as well his money used for it.The notice should mention the loan amount which is inclusive of the credit insurance premiums, the APR Annual Percentage Rate and the amount which is to be in regular intervals. In case of loans with variable rate, any changes, the monthly payment and the maximum month payment should be mentioned in the notice.Borrowers must receive the notice which includes the TILA rules which has to be received before the closure of the loan. Certain practices are restricted under this Act such as HOEPA is useful is controlling certain loan terms for high-cost loans as they indulge in default lending practices. These terms include short-term balloon notes, prepayment penalties, non-amortizing payment schedules, and higher interest rates upon default. Creditors are restricted in default calculation which is less favored than the actual method without regard to the borrower’s capability to clear the loan.