Array

Driving, Drugs and the DRE

Must Read

Nikon D7000, Portraits On the Move

Not all portraits are shot with the subject sitting in a chair, posed and ready for the picture. Sometimes...

What is Student Loan Consolidation?

What does it mean to consolidate your student loans?To consolidate your student loans means to take all of your...

Student Loan Debt Consolidation

The way that my debts have built up since college, it seems like I have been paying for the...
Admin
test

Would you trust a police officer to take an accurate measure of your pulse or blood pressure? If you are feeling ill, would you make an appointment with a police officer for a diagnosis? Of course you wouldn’t consult a police officer for a medical evaluation.Yet, police officers in New Jersey and Pennsylvania are acting as medical professionals during DUI investigations when drug use is suspected. More troublesome is that the opinions of these officers are being considered by courts to convict drivers.Specifically, these police officers have been calling themselves Drug Recognition Experts or DREs. DREs believe that by using a 12-step evaluation process it can be determined if a driver is under of the influence of drugs in one or more of 7 drug categories.During the 12-step evaluation process, the officer must perform the following physical evaluations:-Check blood pressure;-Check pulse;-Measure size of the pupils;-Check muscle tone;-Check body temperature; and-Check pupil reaction to various lighting conditions.Based on the physical conditions noted and performance of field sobriety tests, the DRE will state if a driver is under the influence of a narcotic analgesic, CNS stimulant, CNS depressant, dissociative anesthetic, hallucinogen, inhalant, cannabis or combination of drugs.To become a DRE, a police officer does not receive formal medical training to perform the various evaluations mentioned above. In fact, it is fellow police instructors who “teach” the DREs how to measure blood pressure, pulse, muscle tone and pupil size. These instructors are not required themselves to have formal medical training. Moreover, the officer is not required to have taken any academic courses concerning the recognition and effects of drugs on the body (that is pharmacology).Is the description of this evaluation process starting to seem bizarre to you? Well, it should seem strange, because improperly trained police officers are making medical determinations that are being used in court to convict drivers.To effectively fight this junk science, proper legal challenges must be asserted to prohibit the DRE evaluation from being used as evidence of DUI. Furthermore, challenges must be made concerning the qualifications of the DRE and concerning errors made during the evaluation process. Otherwise, an innocent driver may lose his or her license and may be spending some time in jail.

Latest News

Top 10 Provinces of Thailand Not to be missed for Travel

10 SuratthaniThe source of the proverbial Chaiya salted egg. Surat Thani is a province with many attractions,...

Underlight As Accent, For Power and The Main Light for Photography

Underlighting, in which fill or accent light comes from under the topic, is not widely used technique in the traditional Portraits, even though it will have...

How To Fix Overexposure As A Creative Tool, The Complete Guide

As an creative tool, overexposure is sort of underrated. What I’m close to propose could be a deliberate and well thought out technique for...

7D Mark II is Canon’s best DSLR cameras without full-frame sensor.

The expected long-awaited Canon EOS 7D Mark II are shipping in November for $ 1,799 without a lens. With a higher price tag, you...

Low key photography and How to isolate your subject.

Low key photography doesn’t depend on underexposure to make its point; the key to low key is that the majority of tones, even correctly...

More Articles Like This