An individual acquires debt when he or she borrows funds and agrees to pay the full amount back within a pre-determined amount of time, typically with accrued interest included in the payments. The borrower’s individual credit report and the loan’s repayment terms both factor into the interest rate calculation.As the entire world feels the effects of a global financial crisis, thousands of Australians struggle with hardships that force them to borrow amounts of money that they end up not been able to afford to repay. Unable to make the personal loan or credit card payments, these individuals often find it necessary to borrow from a second lender just to stop the original debt from accumulating. This leads to a cycle from which the borrower often cannot escape, on his or her own.Debt ConsolidationThankfully, regardless of the severity of one’s individual debt, various options are available for every debt situation. One of the most common and useful debt management strategies involves the consolidation of debt. When a bank or debt-help agency provides these services, they roll each of the client’s debts into one loan or other debt consolidation product, allowing him or her to make one single monthly payment. Typically these banks or agencies offer reduced interest rates or low monthly payments to customers as added incentives.While it provides valuable relief to people who owe multiple lenders, individuals may find the plethora of debt consolidation websites and companies on the internet overwhelming. Borrowers must learn to narrow down this information by educating themselves on all the important details regarding debt consolidation before choosing it as their debt management solution. Vital factors to explore include all of the positive and negative aspects of debt consolidation, who qualifies for the service, and what to look for in a consolidation company.What Borrowers Need to Know About Debt ConsolidationIt is a loan or plan in which the consolidation agency negotiates repayment to all of the customer’s debtors, allowing the customer to make only one single monthly payment to the agency instead of several monthly payments to multiple lenders. This service may provide exactly what someone in debt needs to reclaim control over his or her finances and gain peace of mind, but before taking out a debt consolidation loan or product, the borrower needs to closely examine the loan’s or agency’s terms.First, some agencies offer consolidation loans that lower the customer’s overall amount of debt, or lower the total amount of interest he or she will pay by the end of the repayment terms, however, this is not always the case. Some of these loans are structured in a way that cost borrowers more money by the end of the loan’s term than their original separate debts would have. This happens when an agency provides a loan that allows the customer an excessively long amount of time in which to repay the money; by the end of the loan’s terms, the borrower often will have paid much more money in interest rates than they would have without taking out a consolidation loan. Also, some debt consolidation companies charge a higher interest rate due to the borrower’s credit report. These issues can easily be avoided if the borrower closely examines each detail of the loan’s terms and conditions to make sure the loan is actually providing more monetary benefits than just concentrating his or her debt into one payment.Another issue to address when considering applying for a loan or plan is the fact that not everyone qualifies for all types of debt consolidation loans. Many agencies check potential borrowers’ credit reports as part of the application process and either deny them access to loans entirely or accept them only for bad credit debt consolidation loans. With many bad credit debt consolidation loans, or agencies that offer debt consolidation with no credit check, the interest rate charges may far exceed those of a typical debt consolidation loan. Again, customers can avoid this potentially costly situation by carefully studying all of the loan’s terms and conditions and asking plenty of questions.Understanding and taking these necessary precautions can allow individuals in serious debt to find debt consolidation loans that benefit them not only by allowing them to make one single monthly debt payment, but also by saving them money overall and improving their budgeting situation for long-term financial success.